美国大选中的中国“结”

经过多次美国总统大选的历练,中方的美国专家也学会了对美国的选举政治采取更为理性的态度。中国的研究人员紧密跟进美国国内政治和舆情变化,仔细分析各种言论和潮流可能会给对华政策以及中美关系造成的影响。对于他们来说,任何一位总统候选人能够赢得足够的党内支持都意味着他们的政策纲领拥有足够的民意基础,但是在其涉华言论同其选举中的核心纲领仍然存在距离。
首先,此类政策纲领通常都是针对国内政策,侧重联邦政府的经济政策,外交政策固然是各方争论的焦点,但是中国政策圈子很深刻地了解国内政策才是决定美国选民心意的最终标准。其次,由于外交政策的高调本质和次要地位,它们是吸引眼球和博取人心的良好工具。但是双边关系本身是两国博弈的结果,了解中美关系实质的美国领导人不会因为一时任性而轻易改变对华政策。
中国的看法
虽然川普对中国并称不上友好,甚至曾经释放出激烈的反华言论,但是中国大众和政策圈子却对川普表现出了极大的喜爱和积极评价。从根本上说,中国认为川普是商人,而且是成功的商人,商人最大的本质在于灵活和追求利润,而不是让感性或者固化的因素例如意识形态决定他们的行为。对于长期以来苦于美国对华政策过分追求原则的中国来说,川普强烈的“谈判”意愿和意识正中中国的下怀。中国并不担心谈判,而担心对方出于“原则”根本不愿意同中国谈判。中国传统文化认为进退取舍、有舍有得本身就是一种“共赢”。中国的研究人员并没有浪漫到认为川普会放弃维护美国的国家利益,但是如果这种国家利益本身就是可以谈判的,那么这对于中国来说当然是好消息。
对于中国国内政治来说,川普的横空出世被看作是好消息,这样一个“小丑”般的人物竟然可以直逼总统宝座无异证明了美国民主制度的“可笑”。相比之下,对于中国的政府和官员来说,中国的官僚体系通过层层选拔、逐级竞争、激烈筛除厘选出的领导人,也许不是最民主的、但却是经历最多考验、因身经百战而出色,对于中国来说,过去多年来美国两党政治的僵硬已经极大地损害了民主制度的效率,而川普的成功更进一步从另一个角度诠释了民主制度的缺乏理性,从而从一个侧面证明了中国政治体制以及领导人选拔制度的优越性。

中国拥有南海诸岛主权的历史事实无可争辩

  1933年法国殖民者非法侵占南沙岛礁,制造了“九小岛事件”。此举引起中国政府及社会各界的一致抗议。7月26日国民政府外交部致电法国政府提出严重抗议,指出南沙群岛“仅有我(国)渔人居留岛上,在国际间确认中国领土”。8月4日向法国驻华公使提出对法国所谓主权宣告保留权利的外交照会。

  民国时期,中国政府核定、重定了南海诸岛名称。1934年内政部水陆地图审查委员会公布“关于我国南海诸岛各岛屿中英地名对照表”,列出南海诸岛132个岛礁滩洲名称。

  1935年,水陆地图审查委员会出版《中国南海各岛屿图》,这是民国政府出版的第一份具有官方性质的南海专项地图,此后中国的各类地图对南海诸岛的标绘更为严谨、详尽。仅1935年4月至1948年,我国国内出版的各类地图中,至少有60种完整标绘了南海诸岛。水陆地图审查委员会对南海诸岛名称、地图的审核与公布,是中国政府对南海诸岛所实施的有效管辖。

  抗战胜利后,根据《开罗宣言》和《波茨坦公告》的精神,我国政府决定接收和恢复西沙、南沙群岛主权。1946年9月2日,国民政府发布关于收复西南沙群岛的训令,经内政、外交和国防三部会商后,派出以海军为主的接收人员。1946年11月29日完成西沙群岛接收,1946年12月15日完成南沙群岛接收。在接收工作完成之后,立碑鸣炮宣示主权,测量绘图明确疆界,留兵戍守实施巡防,设立机构强化管辖。

  1947年2月28日国民政府发布完成西沙、中沙、南沙群岛接收公报。之后,国民政府再次审定南海诸岛及其所属各岛礁沙滩名称,于12月1日公布了“南海诸岛新旧地名对照表”,共计167个岛礁沙滩洲。1948年2月内政部公布了《中华民国行政区域图》,其附图即《南海诸岛位置图》,该图明确标示了南海诸岛名称和南海11条断续线。

  新中国成立后,我国对南海诸岛的主权管辖进入了崭新时代。我国政府依据国际法赋予的权利和义务,合法履行主权和管辖权。1951年8月15日,周恩来外长发表《关于英美对日和约草案及旧金山会议声明》,庄严指出西沙、南沙群岛“向为中国领土”,中国对西沙、南沙享有主权。此后,针对外国对我南海诸岛的侵犯,多次发表声明,重申中国在南海诸岛及其附近海域的主权立场。1982年4月24日中国地名委员会受权公布了我国南海诸岛部分标准地名,共计289个。

Time for Washington to self-question its Asia-Pacific policy

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Regular Press Conference on May 23, 2016:

Q: President Obama is visiting Vietnam and the US has decided to lift the arms embargo on Vietnam, indicating closer relationship between the two countries. What's China's take on this?

A: As a neighbor to Vietnam, China is happy to see Vietnam develop normal relations with all countries including the US. And we hope this would be conducive to regional peace, stability and development.

Q: You mentioned that China and Vietnam are close neighbors. Why has Vietnam asked consistently over the last couple of years for the arms embargo with the US to be lifted? What effect will that have on the relationship between Vietnam and the US?

A: I can understand why you raised this question. You may have to ask Vietnam why they consistently asked the US for the lifting of arms embargo, not me. As I just said, we welcome the development of normal relationship between the US and Vietnam, hoping it will be conducive to regional peace and stability.

(Probably Vietnam is wildly optimistic about the country's economy and needs US luxury weapons while US needs to rebalance Vietnam's trade surplus.)

Rescue vessel eyed for the Nansha Islands

Drones and robots could be used to help ships that get into difficulties

[China Daily (May 23, 2016)]: China is considering deploying an advanced rescue ship that could carry drones and underwater robots to the Nansha Islands this year to help ships in trouble, including foreign vessels.

China-developed the world's first ‪‎quantum ‪satellite ready to be lunched this July

[People's Daily Online (May 23, 2016)]: The first quantum communications satellite developed by China is expected to launch in July of this year. The Beijing–Shanghai quantum private communications line will also be opened in the second half of this year, according to Pan Jianwei, academic at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

China has no plans to take over as world leader

The United States will probably remain the world's number one power for a fairly long time to come. But this does not exclude other countries from also being world leaders, said the Chinese foreign minister in an exclusive interview with Al Jazeera on Thursday.
"We believe that affairs of a country should be handled by its own people, and likewise the affairs of the world should be handled through discussion by all countries, instead of being dominated or monopolized by any single country," Wang Yi said.
In this sense, China has all along supported the current international system with the United Nations at its core. The U.N. is the most authoritative inter-governmental organization with the broadest representation, whose charter is endorsed by people across the world.
In fact, many problems in the world result from the failure to fully implement the principles of the U.N. Charter, the very essence of which is respect for sovereignty, non-interference in internal affairs, peaceful settlement of disputes and international cooperation.
"If all countries, big and small, strong and weak, abide by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the world will be more peaceful and stable, and countries will prosper together. That is the goal and philosophy of China's diplomacy," said Wang Yi.

Wang Yi: China and Arab countries are each other's good partners in building the Belt and Road

[www.fmprc.gov.cn (2016/05/19)]: Recently, when asked about China and Arab states working together to build the Belt and Road during an interview with Al Jazeera in Beijing, Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that Arab countries and the Middle East occupy a strategic place in building the Belt and Road. Under the new circumstances, we will not just be each other's ideal partners in building the Belt and Road for common development and rejuvenation, but also safeguard our common interests and jointly make the international relations more democratic.

EU, China hold roundtable discussion on Belt & Road Initiative

BRUSSELS, May 20 (Xinhua) -- Consultative bodies of China and the European Union (EU) held a roundtable meeting here on Wednesday and Thursday, exchanging views on the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative and seeking common ground and best practices.

The EU-China Civil Society Round Table 14th meeting was hosted by the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), and was joined by its Chinese counterpart, the China Economic and Social Council (CESC).

Wang Yi: "One Belt One Road" initiative achieves series of important early-stage harvest

ASTANA, May 21 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that in more than two years, "One Belt One Road" initiative took off smoothly with a good beginning, and achieved a series of important early-stage harvests, during his interview with Chinese and Kazakhstan journalists in Almaty on May 21.

人民币国际化里程碑

“如果美国针对人民币的算计没能成功,那么接下来又会发生什么呢?”
对于这个问题,我个人的看法是,美国接下来将有很大可能吃掉日本和欧盟。对美国来说,他自己搞出来的那个经济窟窿已然是越来越大,所以只要美国还想活下去,大规模吸血就将是一种必然,唯一的区别,就是从谁身上下嘴。毫无疑问,把咱们中华家这个最大的“潜在对手”吸干,对美国来说最有利。所以大家不难发现,进入2016年后,美国对咱们中华家那是火力全开,近乎疯狂。
不过,咱们中华家的实力早已今非昔比,所以只要咱们中华家能扎紧外部的篱笆,并建设好内部的大环境,美国针对咱们中华家的种种算计就注定不可能成功!而在搞不定咱们中华家的大前提下,美国想要吸血自救,便只能在欧盟,日本这两只肥羊的身上下嘴。这其中,日本因为无法反抗美国,所以被吸几率可以说是百分之百,至于欧盟,虽然可以反抗,但被美国渗透的太厉害,所以能否脱劫很难预料(总之,我个人并不看好欧盟)
说实话,在我个人看来,2016之所以会成为美国的“命劫之年”,最本质的原因其实只有一个,那就是……美国选择的对外发展思路根本就是错的!美国的博弈思想一直都是“零和思想”,正因如此,美国的行事风格充满了“损人利己”思维。而“用美元霸权一轮又一轮的剪羊毛”,毫无疑问就是这种思维的最直观体现。可世界博弈真是“零和游戏”吗?不管其他国家怎样想,最起码咱们中华家并不这么认为。
一个是自私满满的“零和思维”,一个是充满希望的“合作思维”,最终的胜利会属于谁,这还用我多说吗?人类的发展历史早已告诉我们一条真理,那就是……得道多助失道寡助,多行不义必自毙!

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